Constance Carrier

Constance Carrier (1908-1991). Courtesy

Constance Carrier (July 29, 1908 - December 7, 1991) was an American poet and teacher.[1]


Carrier was descended from Martha Carrier, one of the women hanged during the notorious Salem witch trials of 1692 (the subject of her last volume).

Carrier attended Smith College, from which she graduated in 1929. As a sophomore at Smith, she discovered the poetry of Louise Bogan. Bogan and Emily Dickinson inspired her to begin writing poetry: "I wanted to follow in those poets' footsteps," she told her literary executor in 1980.[2]

After graduating from Smith in 1929, Carrier taught English, French, and Latin for 40 years, first at New Britain High school and then at Hall High School in West Hartford, before retiring in 1970.

In 1940 she earned an M.A. in English at Trinity College, where her creative writing professor, [[Morse Allen, encouraged her to suubmit her work for publication.[2]

Her poetry was published in the New Yorker,[3] New York Quarterly,[4] Ploughshares,[5] Poetry,[6] and Harper's.[7] In the 1960s and 1970s, Carrier published translations of the works of three classical Roman writers, the playwright Terence, and poets Sextus Propertius and Tibullus.

Her 100th birthday was celebrated in New Britain, Connecticut.[8]


In 1954 Carrier's collection The Middle Voice won the inaugural Lamont Poetry Prize, awarded by the Academy of American Poets.[2]

Carrier also was awarded a Golden Rose Award by the New England Poetry Club.[9]



  • The Middle Voice. Denver: Swallow Press, 1954.
  • The Angled Road. Chicago: Swallow Press, 1973.
  • Witchcraft Poems: Salem, 1692. Roslyn, NY: Stone House Press, 1988.


  • Sextus Propertius, The Poems of Propertius. Bloomington Indiana University Press, 1963.
  • Tibullus, The Poems of Tibullus. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1968.
  • The Complete Comedies of Terence: Modern verse translations (translated by Palmer Bovie, Constance Carrier, and Douglass Parker; edited by Palmer Bovie). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1974.
  • The Aesopic Verse of Constance Carrier (edited by Dorothy Maclaren). Newington, CT: Society for the Preservation of Aesop, 1988.
  • Titus Maccius Plautus, "Amphitryon", in Plautus: The comedies (edited by David R. Slavitt & Palmer Bovie). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.[10]

Except where noted, bibliographical information courtesy WorldCat.[11]

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