The Lamentations are hard to read and not quite comprehensible for modern-day Hungarians, mostly because the 26-letter Latin alphabet was not fit to represent all the sounds in Hungarian language, as diacritic marks and double letters had not been developed yet.
Renaissance literature flourished under the reign of King Matthias (1458–1490). Janus Pannonius, although he wrote in Latin, counts as one of the most important persons in Hungarian literature, being the only significant Hungarian Humanist poet of the period. The first printing house was also founded during Matthias' reign, by András Hess, in Buda. The first book printed in Hungary was the Chronica Hungarorum.
The most important poets of the period were Bálint Balassi (1554–1594), Tinódi Sebestyén and Miklós Zrínyi (1620–1664). Balassi's poetry shows Medieval influences, his poems can be divided into three sections: love poems, war poems and religious poems. Zrínyi's most significant work, the epic Szigeti veszedelem ("Peril of Sziget", written in 1648/49) is written in a fashion similar to The Iliad, and recounts the heroic Battle of Szigetvár, where his great-grandfather died while defending the castle of Szigetvár.
Enlightenment and the language reformEdit
The Hungarian enlightenment delayed about fifty years compared to the Western European enlightenment. The new thoughts arrived to Hungary across Vienna. The greatest poets of the time were Mihály Csokonai Vitéz and Dániel Berzsenyi.
- A History of Hungarian Literature (From the Earliest Times to the mid-1970s) by Lóránt Czigány
- Albert Tezla: Hungarian authors – A bibliographical handbook
- An overview of Hungarian literature by Daniel Abondolo
- A brefer view, from the 'same' source
- Hungarian literature
- János Kőbányai,Sándor Márai: a smoldering within,"Eretz Acheret" Magazine
summarized at the administrative website of Hungary
- Hungarian Literature Online
- The Hungarian Electronic Library
- Database for translations of Hungarian literary works
- Selected bibliographies of important Hungarian authors
- Magyar poems
- Magyar poetry
- Poetry of the Magyars
Literary chapters from the Encyclopaedia Humana Hungarica (1–5)Edit
- The Remains of Oral Tradition; The Beginning of Literacy (from the beginnings till 1038)
- The External Conditions of Literature; The Characteristics of the Contents of Literature; The Authors; The Works (1038-1301)
- The Level of Education; Authors, Genres, Works (1301-1437)
- Hungarian Literature; Latin Literature; Humanist Literature (1437-1526)
- Hungarian Literature; Turkish Literature (1526-1699)
- (The English translation of volumes 6 to 9 are in preparation.)
ca:Literatura hongaresa de:Ungarische Literatur et:Ungari kirjandus es:Literatura de Hungría eu:Hungarierazko literatura fr:Littérature hongroise it:Letteratura ungherese hu:Magyar irodalom oc:Literatura ongresa pl:Literatura węgierska ru:Венгерская литература